Tenth grade is the tenth year of school post-kindergarten (or pre-school) study in schools in the United States of America. Students are usually 14 to 16 years of age. The equivalent of "10th grade" in various nations is described below.

Tenth grade, for most Australian states is in the middle of a student's high school education. However, in the Northern Territory, it is the first year of senior school, after high school. For more information on Australia's education system, see: Education in Australia.

It is the first year of High School ("Lycée")

After the completion of class 10, the student is required to sit for national board exams or state board exams, wherein question papers are prepared and answer sheets are checked by a central institution to which the school is affiliated. The percentage scored in Class X decides what a student can opt for in Class XI (Science/ Commerce/ Arts). The Grade gains even more importance as in many parts of India the number of seats for Class XI is generally lower than the number of students who pass out Standard X.
Upon completion of class 12, students are then required to sit for the entrance examinations for their chosen course of study and university (see Twelfth Grade, India) or to the universities through the AIIMS, IIT-JEE, AIEEE, etc.
In a controversial move, the Union Government abolished the Std X examinations from 2011 onwards. The CBSE board also introduced a new system of evaluation called CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation). In Ireland, it is the 4th year of Secondary School, also known as Transition Year. It can also be 5th year in schools without a Transition Year.
In Israel, the tenth grade is the first year of the high school, which lasts three years (high school is called Tichon), except in some cities (such as Ramat Gan and Giv'atayim), where elementary school ends at 8th Grade and High School starts at 9th Grade.
In Italy, the tenth grade is the second year of the high school (which is called Scuola media superiore or Scuola secondaria di secondo grado). High school in Italy lasts five years.
In Mexico, the tenth grade is the beginning of the high school, which lasts only three years. Similar to Israel's education system. Tenth graders are normally aged 15–16.
Grade ten is the final year of high school in Pakistan; it is an important year level as it here that matriculation examinations occur after which students can qualify for grades eleven and twelve in college. Successful completion of college allows eligibility for entrance into universities and higher education.
In Spain, the tenth grade is the fourth year of ESO (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria - Obligatory Secondary Education), which has been in force since the promulgation of LOGSE in the middle of 1990s. Fourth ESO is also the last year of Obligatory Education.
In Sweden, the tenth to twelfth grades are taken at a certain type of school called 'Gymnasiet'. After ninth grade, Swedish children end their compulsory schooling, and therefore these schools are significantly divided in terms of abilities and career aims.
Choose a school that is specialized for the job you wish to take. At these schools only classes relevant to the classification of the school are taught, along with language and math skills. Some schools are very hard to get accepted into, but it depends on which classification you are seeking.
The schools can have very specific aims. There are widely oriented schools such as General Arts, but also very specific schools, such as Equestrian.
If you fail your exams at the end of ninth grade, or pass with low results, you can choose (or are recommended) to enter a school that aims only to get your skills to a proficient level for everyday life. Students that pass with average marks, or that perhaps do not yet have any specific career aspirations, can choose to move into a general school. The subjects taught here, and the everyday systems, are very similar to the systems from seventh grade to ninth grade. As these students advance, or show excellence in a particular area, they may be offered to apply for entry into a specialized school.
For education in England and Wales, this is known as Year 11, which is the final year of compulsory education in the United Kingdom. For education in Northern Ireland, this is called Year 12. A general education certificate will be awarded if the pupils sit the end of year examinations, called GCSEs. In Year 11, students take their GCSEs in approximately 10 subjects. With grades ranging from A* (90%) to U (ungraded), these exams are vital for getting employment or university places. GCSEsPupils may then go on to sit 'A' Levels
In Scotland, tenth grade is called S4 (secondary school, 4th year). At the end of S4, students normally sit examinations in 8 Standard Grade subjects,which have been taken over 2 years. Standard grade examinations come in three levels of difficulty: Credit, General and Foundation and are sat during May. Those Scottish students who return to school will usually take Highers in S5 and then more highers, or Advanced highers (the equivalent of first year university courses) in S6. Grades are A, B and C with an A being divided into Band 1 and Band 2.
The tenth grade is the tenth school year after kindergarten (or pre-school) and is called Grade 10, in some regions, for education in the United States and education in Canada. Grade 10 is a part of secondary school, and in most parts of the USA, it is the second year of high school, with 9th then 10th 11th and 12th grade. People who do not complete the grade, for the required coursework, have been re-entered into 10th grade during the next school year, although summer school is often taken to complete the prior courses. Usually, this is when children would leave compulsory education.
The term high school is often used to mean senior high school and distinguished from junior high school. Starting in ninth grade and ending in twelfth grade, grades are used in determining a students GPA (in the U.S.), and become part of a student's official transcript. Therefore, students obtain much more control of their education and often may even choose their core classes.
In the U.S. curriculum for mathematics, tenth graders are usually taught Algebra II or Geometry. Occasionally, Trigonometry, Precalculus, or higher classes, are offered for students who wish to take Advanced Placement math classes in later years of high school. In the U.S. curriculum for literature, students have already begun to familiarize themselves with notable authors such as Shakespeare, while some Advanced Placement programs emphasize the work of author J.D. Salinger, for example, and his Catcher in the Rye, putting a major emphasis on literary terms and getting to know themes such as alienation.
In the U.S. curriculum for social studies, tenth grade students are taught recent World History. In some districts, Advanced Placement coursework, such as geography, European history, or World Studies, is first made available to students in this grade.
This grade is normally followed by eleventh grade, although some U.S. colleges will accept excelling students out of this grade as part of an early college entrance program. Alternatively, some students may choose to graduate early through standardized testing or advanced credits.
The word sophomore is ultimately from the Greek word "sophia", meaning wisdom or knowledge. It is listed as a North American English term by the Oxford English Dictionary and it means little to the majority of English speakers outside the U.S.A.


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