The human skeleton consists of both fused and individual bones supported and supplemented by ligaments, tendons, muscles and cartilage. It serves as a scaffold which supports organs, anchors muscles, and protects organs such as the brain, lungs and heart. The biggest bone in the body is the femur in the thigh and the smallest is the stapes bone in the middle ear. In an adult, the skeleton comprises around 30-40% of the total body weight, and half of this weight is water.
Fused bones include those of the pelvis and the cranium. Not all bones are interconnected directly: there are three bones in each middle ear called the ossicles that articulate only with each other. The hyoid bone, which is located in the neck and serves as the point of attachment for the tongue, does not articulate with any other bones in the body, being supported by muscles and ligaments.

Human Skeleton and Its Deformities

Human body contains muscles and skeleton. In which skeleton of the human body is for the purpose of locomotion and support. Apparently the bones in human body are the most rigid form of connective tissues. Cells which form the bones are called Osteocytes. The bones are well linked up with each other with the help of several joints connected with every bone.
There are a vast number of joint which helps in the movement of our body such as "Socket Joints". The joints at hips and shoulders are the perfect example of describing socket joints.
There is another type of joint which is called "Hinge Joints" through which movement is possible in two directions. Human elbow and knee joints are the best example of describing Hinge Joints. Another very important kin of joints is "Pivot Joint". This joint allows our body to make a twisting movement. We can easily feel it while rotating the palm our hands upside and down.
"Sliding Joint" is another kind of joint which slides over bones for example the wrist and ankle joints can be moved into various directions. There also remains "Gliding Joint", which makes the movement easily in a back and forth manner.
Apart from all the above joints which normally help in movement, there is a "Fixed Joint" as well through which movement is impossible at all, for example the joints of skull and many others sub joints prevailing in the human skeleton.
Although the human skeleton is the strongest part of human body but the fact of immunity from catching diseases is ignorable. Sometimes the skeleton of human becomes so weak that it results in deformation and is known as Genetic Disorders. There are several causes of deformation such as GENETIC DISORDER and CLEFT PLATE which could cause deformity to the skeleton. In such a situation the palatine processes of maxilla and palatine are unable to fuse and there seems to be a persistent opening found between the oral and nasal cavity, which interferes with sucking. Such a situation could lead to inhalation of food into lung thereby causing aspiration pneumonia.
Apart from the Genetic Disorders there are also some other skeletal deformities in which joints are damaged and is known as Arthritis. This could cause swelling on the joints which is quite painful and makes it impossible to move. If there is a gap found in the joints of bones that could paralyze a person for example there are many cases found in which people had minor gap between their bones which made them to linger and in some cases they are even not been able to stand on that leg. Like the human body, bones are also not immune to catching diseases.


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