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Finding good ideas for a 6th grade science project can be overwhelming at times if you are uncertain of where to get the ideas. If you find yourself wanting to hide your head when this time rolls around for the annual 6th grade science project, you are not looking in the right places for ideas, and you are possibly conveying a negative message to your children concerning the 6th grade science project. We all have memories from our school days when we had to do the infamous 6th grade science project, and most of them are more likely than not to be bad, however by keeping it upbeat and encouraging, you can teach your child(ren) that completing an assignment like this will not only further their knowledge, but also help them learn to be a productive individual on their own.
How, you may ask, does an assignment like this turn children into productive individuals? The answer is -- by teaching them to be responsible, dedicated, and organized. All this comes from completing a 6th grade science project.

The intricacies involved in finding the best topic for a 6th grade science project can feel limitless, and overwhelming, but keep in mind that in keeping with the age group for a 6th grade science project, you will only have a limited amount of in depth coverage required. This makes it somewhat easier on you, the parent, to encourage your child(ren) as they reach each milestone on the way to completing their 6th grade science project.
Once your child(ren) have found the topic for their experiment, it is necessary that they immerse themselves in the information surrounding the topic. The power that is held by knowledge, can give your child(ren) a taste of what it is like to be highly intelligent -- and enjoy it. Although there are rough spots to be expected, for the most part, encourage your child(ren) and allow them to bring their creativity to light and use it in an excellent way in their presentation. Giving them the chance to express themselves, even through a 6th grade science project, can mean the world to them, especially at such a difficult age. By giving them the freedom to choose their own topics, you are also encouraging them to expand their knowledge and interest in the world around them through discovery of animals, objects, or ideas by completing their 6th grade science project. Give your children the world, and open up the door to their future -- encourage them to complete their 6th grade science project on their own.


How can we learn a new language? Can we actually learn a new language as quickly as possible?
The answer is yes, we can learn a new language as quickly as possible. Speed learning language is also synonymous to accelerated learning language. It is the process of recalling and successfully using the chunks of language we have learned. If we choose to memorize language through singular words then it will not help us on learning a new language. Speed learning language is about practicing and memorizing chunks of language we will definitely succeed.

Consider the idea of time spent and efforts saved in memorizing singular words instead of practicing and memorizing chunks of language. We keep on saying, "Time is Gold." Indeed time is very precious and so we're using speed learning language to save some time. Through this method we would be able to learn a new foreign language and save time. And there'd be time for other things to do.
Everybody who is inspiring to learn a language needs to learn the language fast and quick. Take a look at some tips for speed learning language.
Spend some time to listen to a foreign language radio or a TV show. There's nothing wrong with it even if you still don't know what they're talking about. The good thing about watching a foreign TV show is we get to see the body language. We get to see if they're happy or they're sad. Although listening to radio is not the same with watching emotions on TV. This time you can make use of the tone of voice.
Speed learning language can be challenging and fun. With dedication and persistence you can absolutely make it happen. Another tip in learning a new language is being able to allot a time for learning the language you desire. Consistency is a big thing when creating a schedule for you to be able to learn a new language.
The key thing with super learning language is to harness your inner motivation and make it work for you. It's really hard to push yourself into something that you're really not interested in. Remember learning a new language is never easy. Again, for you to learn a new language you have to be doing something with the chosen language that you want to learn every day, using materials that you can easily get, will significantly increase your likelihood of success in learning a new language. Even if it takes time and effort but at least your time will be shorter and more enjoyable.


Anybody that wants to learn Spanish may benefit from some useful methods for learning. Firstly, you need to find out how you remember things you want to recall. It may be that you can easily remember things you've heard, you've seen, or things you have done. One of the most popular ways for learning is to simply put yourself in the environment where the language you are studying is spoken everywhere. This is called immersion. If this is not a choice then making friends at speak Spanish, or finding a tutor to meet in person or online is key. No matter which way you would like to learn another language today there are many different methods to do it.
These days there are many different types of methods for learning. For anyone that is a good listener and may easily recall things you've heard, using this method to study is important. You might then choose to listen to the television, radio, or people speaking in real life. However you go about it, tuning in with your listening skills can be a great way to ensure that you may recall words or phrases in the future.

For anyone that can easily remember something simply by seeing it you may be a person who learns by sight. This is called a visual learner, and those that can easily retain information this way may like to study in a few ways. This includes using flashcards, writing words down, running on a chalkboard or using pictures with words. This may increase your ability to recall things quickly when you need to speak.
A very popular way today for learning another language is to simply immerse yourself in the culture by visiting or living in the country. This method is a sure way to force you to learn everyday expressions, words, and use them. A good way to study at home if you cannot travel abroad is to simply get in touch with others that are learning Spanish. You might even like to make new friends that are native speakers. Anyone with an interest in the language, like you, can be of big help to get you speak like a native. Doing this, you're forced to try to remember the things you learned, which lets you move forward.
Those that have a busy schedule due to work, or family can benefit from hiring a tutor. No matter what type of schedule that you have, a tutor can help you, introduce you to such things as grammar, and basic phrases, as well as pronunciation. It can be arranged to visit your home, or meet with you and a local cafe. This way you connect with someone who knows the language like Pro, and learning is made easier.
Many people learn in three different ways including: see, hearing, and doing. Once you know which way you retain things in memory easily, you can start from there. Anyone that is adventurous, and wants to learn quick, can choose to immerse themselves in the Spanish culture by living in Spain or any other Spanish speaking country. In addition there are tutors, or other connections you can make to study the language, and see improvement quickly. A foreign language can be fun, exciting, and make a lot of new friends no matter where you live today.


For many parents, just thinking about helping kids choose from the many 7th grade science project ideas can be overwhelming. For the majority of parents in middle school the answer is undoubtedly a long time ago.
You can actually help your son or daughter choose the perfect 7th grade science project ideas. This guide will help you choose the project that will perfectly suit your child's interests, personality, and timeframe. Follow these tips to accomplish this goal.

Choosing an Interesting Topic
When choosing from the many 7th grade science project ideas, this is the most important factor. The project has to arouse and sustain your child's interest in the project until it's completed. As a parent, your job will be to present all of the possibilities that will appeal to your child's interests without criticizing any choices he or she makes. For instance, if you son likes football, a good topic would be to study the safety features of a football helmet. If you child enjoys gardening, perhaps she would enjoy learning about how the chlorine in water effects seed germination.

Choosing the Specific Aspect for Investigation

When choosing from the various 7th grade science fair project ideas, remember that your child will have to focus on the specific aspect of the topic that's chosen. This will keep the project manageable at his or her level and insure that it's completed within the allotted timeframe. Take the example of studying the relationship between chlorine and seed germination that was mentioned earlier; the focus will be on the growth rate of specific plants rather than expanding the project to include the effects of multiple chemicals.

Consider the Equipment and Level of Expertise Required
The majority of 7th grade science project ideas are designed to suit both the practical experience of students as well as their educational level. This means there will usually be no problem in regards to the equipment needed and the expertise required to successfully complete the project. However, there may be special circumstances that would warrant a closer look into the different project ideas. As a parent, your fist concern should be the safety of your child. Make sure that no harm can come to your child if a step is missed or equipment malfunctions. Don't be afraid to ask for help from other parents when assessing the safety of the project ideas.

Determine the Timeline
When looking at the various 7th grade science fair project ideas, you will see that they cannot be completed overnight. There are some definite benefits to creating a timetable. First of all, your child will be able to properly monitor any changes in the experiment as they take place. Additionally, your child will have plenty of time to tie up any loose ends rather than scrambling around on the last day to resolve problems that are created by overlooking a seemingly small detail.

When you help your child choose the best 7th grade science project ideas you will enjoy an opportunity for bonding and extending loving guidance to your child. For more 7th grade science project ideas and step-by-step instructions, visit http://www.easy-kids-science-experiments.com. Be sure to check out our site for tons of simple science projects elementary science experiments, middle school, and high school science.


The human skeleton consists of both fused and individual bones supported and supplemented by ligaments, tendons, muscles and cartilage. It serves as a scaffold which supports organs, anchors muscles, and protects organs such as the brain, lungs and heart. The biggest bone in the body is the femur in the thigh and the smallest is the stapes bone in the middle ear. In an adult, the skeleton comprises around 30-40% of the total body weight, and half of this weight is water.
Fused bones include those of the pelvis and the cranium. Not all bones are interconnected directly: there are three bones in each middle ear called the ossicles that articulate only with each other. The hyoid bone, which is located in the neck and serves as the point of attachment for the tongue, does not articulate with any other bones in the body, being supported by muscles and ligaments.

Human Skeleton and Its Deformities

Human body contains muscles and skeleton. In which skeleton of the human body is for the purpose of locomotion and support. Apparently the bones in human body are the most rigid form of connective tissues. Cells which form the bones are called Osteocytes. The bones are well linked up with each other with the help of several joints connected with every bone.
There are a vast number of joint which helps in the movement of our body such as "Socket Joints". The joints at hips and shoulders are the perfect example of describing socket joints.
There is another type of joint which is called "Hinge Joints" through which movement is possible in two directions. Human elbow and knee joints are the best example of describing Hinge Joints. Another very important kin of joints is "Pivot Joint". This joint allows our body to make a twisting movement. We can easily feel it while rotating the palm our hands upside and down.
"Sliding Joint" is another kind of joint which slides over bones for example the wrist and ankle joints can be moved into various directions. There also remains "Gliding Joint", which makes the movement easily in a back and forth manner.
Apart from all the above joints which normally help in movement, there is a "Fixed Joint" as well through which movement is impossible at all, for example the joints of skull and many others sub joints prevailing in the human skeleton.
Although the human skeleton is the strongest part of human body but the fact of immunity from catching diseases is ignorable. Sometimes the skeleton of human becomes so weak that it results in deformation and is known as Genetic Disorders. There are several causes of deformation such as GENETIC DISORDER and CLEFT PLATE which could cause deformity to the skeleton. In such a situation the palatine processes of maxilla and palatine are unable to fuse and there seems to be a persistent opening found between the oral and nasal cavity, which interferes with sucking. Such a situation could lead to inhalation of food into lung thereby causing aspiration pneumonia.
Apart from the Genetic Disorders there are also some other skeletal deformities in which joints are damaged and is known as Arthritis. This could cause swelling on the joints which is quite painful and makes it impossible to move. If there is a gap found in the joints of bones that could paralyze a person for example there are many cases found in which people had minor gap between their bones which made them to linger and in some cases they are even not been able to stand on that leg. Like the human body, bones are also not immune to catching diseases.



6th grade science fair projects may be annoying. Being in 6th grade, it's very easy to come up with cool science experiments? One can learn how to do it right in this article. You may want to show the parents and even the grandparents, given that they most likely would want to know about your experiment. You might even share your idea with your teacher to ensure you are on the right track.

The judges of these events are usually rather easy to satisfy. You'll encounter some other good experiments from your classmates, However, stick to the contest directions and make your experiment one of the most awesome experiments ever before built. Keep telling yourself, "Is this concept awesome enough? Might my parents enjoy it? " If you are confident, you're all set to begin and get it completed easily. And you're all set to make your project fun, amazing, and interesting.
How can you develop your thoughts for a assinment? The best way would be to turn on the PC and so a search for "science fair projects". Also get a 6th Grade Science Fair Projects Work book to document the best ideas.

You will come across articles and websites for suggestions. Do you see fabulous subjects? If you don't really care for a project, go to some other ones. But, say you find one with a title "6th grade science fair projects" and gives 15 titles. Take composition book, and write it down. Stop there.

The next day, return to your listing and find other good science fair projects for 6th grade. You might also search for the words, "science fair projects for 6th grade".Try not to set yourself on the first project you find. Sometimes the sites can be misleading.You might have to buy the project. You may get part of a project but after that, make you buy the the second portion of the experiment. Other websites are membership sites. You must pay to join to get projects.

Review all your ideas to make sure develop interesting ideas. If it is not interesting to you, it won't be interesting to anyone else. You will get bored and do a lousy job creating your 6th grade science fair projects.


Writing well in English can open up a lot of rewarding opportunities for you. English is pretty much a universal language. It is the language of business. And good communication skills in written English can allow you the access to opportunities on a global scale that you may not even know existed. From corresponding to networking, the more well-versed you are in English writing, the more successful you can be. In order to make the most of your English writing abilities, it is important to adhere to these English writing tips:

1) Keep It Simple
Fancy adjectives and elegant adverbs may make you feel like you are a great writer, but it is not how people communicate. In fact, most people read and write on a ninth grade level. It is not a matter of ignorance. The shorter sentences you write, the better you can give instructions and get your idea across without any breakdowns in the process.
2) Beware of those "ly" Words
Words ending in "ly" are often misused and abused because of the mistaken notion that they "sound" more intelligent. In reality, they slow down the flow of ideas and lead to frustration for the readers. If you are doing business in English, you can see how this can hurt your chance of success. Instead of using words end with "ly", see if you can find more concrete words that communicate better with your audience.
3) Read Aloud What You Have Written
What looks good on paper does not always sound good when someone is reading it. Your audience might process written words very differently than you do. Any mistakes with wording and structure will be more obvious when you read your writing aloud.
4) Pay Attention to Your Flesch-Kincaid Readability Grade Level
The Flesch-Kincaid readability test is often used to evaluate the comprehension difficulty of writing. The number that Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level assigns will ultimately tell you what school grade level of reading that you are writing for. Writing in English is not very difficult to learn. However, the abilities to write effectively and efficiently can only be developed over time. The more you read and write in English, the better you can write in English. It is unlike that your writing can get better without a little bit of hard work and perseverance.


Kindergarten (German, literally means "garden for children"), is the word created by Friedrich Fröbel for the Play and Activity institute that he created in 1837 in Bad Blankenburg as a social experience for children for their transition from home to school. Kindergarten is used around the world to describe a range of different experiences that have been developed for children at this developmental stage. Singing and growing plants have become an integral part of life long learning. Activity, experience and social interaction are now widely accepted as essential aspects of developing skills and knowledge.

In most countries, kindergarten is part of the preschool system of early childhood education. Children usually attend kindergarten any time between the ages of two and seven years, depending on the local custom.
In the United States and anglophone Canada, as well as in parts of Australia, such as New South Wales, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory, kindergarten is the word often restricted in use to describe the first year of education in a primary or elementary school. In some of these countries, it is compulsory; that is, parents must send children to their kindergarten year (generally, at age five by September 1 of the present school year).
In the United States, many states widely offer a free kindergarten year to children of five to six years of age, but do not make it compulsory, while other states require all five-year-olds to enroll. In British English, nursery or playgroup is the usual term for preschool education, and kindergarten is rarely used, except in the context of special approaches to education, such as Steiner-Waldorf education (the educational philosophy of which was founded by Rudolf Steiner).
Children attend kindergarten to learn to communicate, play, and interact with others appropriately. A teacher provides various materials and activities to motivate these children to learn the language and vocabulary of reading, mathematics, and science, as well as that of music, art, and social behaviors. For children who previously have spent most of their time at home, kindergarten may serve the purpose of helping them adjust to being apart from their parents without anxiety. It may be their first opportunity to play and interact with a consistent group of children on a regular basis. Kindergarten may also allow mothers, fathers, or other caregivers to go back to part-time or full-time employment.



Twelfth grade or Senior year, or Grade Twelve, are the North American names for the final year of secondary school. In most countries students then graduate at age 17 or 18. In some countries, there is a thirteenth grade, while other countries do not have a 12th grade/year at all. Twelfth grade is typically the last and senior year of high school.

In Australia, the twelfth grade is referred to as Year 12. In New South Wales, students are usually 16 or 17 years old when they enter Year 12. Students in Year 12 work towards getting an ATAR (Australian Tertiary Admission Rank), VCE (Victorian Certificate of Education, which applies only to students in the state of Victoria), or OP (Overall Position, which applies only to students in the state of Queensland), which will allow them access to courses at university. Students are required to satisfactorily complete at least 10 units of study in ATAR courses which must include:

eight units from Category A courses
two units of English
three Board Developed courses of two units or greater
four subjects
Students can leave school at the age of 15 only if they have a full-time job or are doing a TAFE course.
Schools choose the design, colours and writing which are printed or stitched onto the jersey. The front usually shows the school emblem and students name which are generally stitched in.
Many schools conduct end of year "formals" and are held from anytime between graduation in September to November.
In Canada, the twelfth grade is referred to as Grade 12. Grade 12 is the 13th year after kindergarten. Students generally enter their Grade 12 year when they are 17, or will be turning 17 by December 31 of that year. In many Canadian high schools, students, during their year, hold a series of fundraisers, grade-class trips, and other social events. Grade 12 Canadian students attend Graduation which usually involves an official ceremony and a dinner dance.
Ontario previously had Grade 13, which was briefly renamed Ontario Academic Credit (OAC), before being phased out, leaving Grade 12 as the final year. Grades 12 and 13 were similar to sixth form in England.
Quebec is the lone province that does not have Grade 12; there students finish secondary school at the equivalent of Grade 11 and then do two years of CEGEP. Thus, when a student is in Grade 12 in Ontario, for instance, the student in Quebec is in his first year of CEGEP.
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador did not introduce Grade 12 until 1983.
In Denmark, the twelfth grade is the 3rd G, its equivalent is the 3rd grade of secondary school, or gymnasium. This is not compulsory, as education is only compulsory through 9th grade. Students are often 18-19 because there is a one year gap (it is optional; you can go directly to the first year of secondary school) between the 9th grade and gymnasium's 1st G were students typically go on a trip or go to some special easy going art and sport oriented schools called "afterschool". The equivalent grade in this country is Terminale, it is the third year of lycée which is equivalent to gymnasium, upon completion of which students sit for a test, the Baccalaureat. French-language schools that teach the French government curriculum (i.e. are part of the AEFE network) use the same system of grades as their counterparts in France. This is not compulsory, as education is only compulsory until you are 16.
In Germany, students wishing to take the Abitur usually had to attend a thirteenth grade, but most states are shortening the gymnasium (the university-bound secondary school system in Germany) from nine to eight years.
In India, the equivalent grade is referred to as the "twelfth standard", or "plus 2" or in some regions "second year junior college" (SYJC) or PreUniversity Course (PUC). Most students who pass out of class 12 are 17–18 years old. With the introduction of separate entrance examinations for entry into medicine, engineering and law courses. Entrance exams usually comprise multiple-choice-questions on physics, chemistry and biology (or mathematics) and are conducted separately on national and state levels. Additionally some highly coveted institutions hold their own entrance tests. These competitive exams are among the toughest in the world and competition is intense, for example over 450,000 students appear for the IIT-JEE exam, competing for 10,000 seats at the IITs.The AIIMS entrance test is also one of the toughest exams for admission to undergraduate courses in medicine. Around 80,000 students compete for 50 seats. The CBSE and ICSE boards conduct twelfth standard courses nationally, while state boards operate at the state-level.
In Ireland, it is the sixth and final year of Secondary School (for 12-18 year olds), which students take the Leaving Certificate Examinations.
In Israel, it is the third and final year of High School.The students enter the class when they are 16–17 years old. They need to pass the "Bagrut"-General final Examination.
For entrance into universities and postgraduate education, students undergo standardised academic exams conducted by the National Testing Service.
In South Africa, Grade 12 is the final year of high school. (See Matriculation in South Africa).
At the end of Grade 12, students are said to be matriculated. This also refers to the minimum requirement for progressing to University. On average, Grade 12 students are between the ages of 17 and 18.
In Sweden, the twelfth grade is not officially existent, but it's equivalent is the 3rd grade of secondary school, or gymnasium. This is not compulsory, as education is only compulsory till 9th grade.
In Mexico, the twelfth grade is the last year of high school, where students are normally aged 17–18. As in Mexico the education is divided in "primaria" (6 years), "secundaria" (3 years) and "preparatoria" or "bachillerato" (3 years), the twelfth grade is usually called "tercero de preparatoria" (third grade of preparatoria).
In New Zealand, 12th grade is known as Year 13. Students entering Year 13 are usually 17–18 years old. This is the last year of high school. In Year 13, students complete NCEA Level 3,which involved getting a certain number of 'credits' from different exams and other assessments.
Sufficiently good marks in 5th year may be adequate for entry into higher education (Highers are the entry qualifications to university, of which can be sat in S5, S6 and college, with Advanced highers being the equivalent to year one of university which can be sat following higher exams). There exist specific sixth form colleges dedicated to these years of education, sometimes known as "further education" to distinguish it from both secondary education, which is compulsory, and higher education, which implies university studies.
The twelfth grade is the twelfth school year after kindergarten. It is also the last year of compulsory secondary education, or "high school". Students often enter the grade as 17-years-old and graduate as 18-years-old.
Many students consider the twelfth grade a year to relax and prepare for transition out of their old lives into college or the workplace. Others take advantage of the opportunity to complete additional higher level courses, such as Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate, to earn credits for college.
Mathematics courses focus normally on trigonometry, College Prep Math, Advanced Placement Calculus, Advanced Placement Statistics, Probability and Statistics and/or SUPA Calculus.
Science courses involve Advanced Placement Chemistry, Advanced Placement Biology, Advanced Placement Environmental Science, Astronomy/Meteorology, CSI Forensic Science, Marine Biology and/or Advanced Placement Physics B, Advanced Placement Physics C: Mechanics or Advanced Placement Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism.
Social Studies courses focus on Government Law, Economics, Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics, Advanced Placement Comparative Government and Politics, Advanced Placement Psychology, Advanced Placement European History, Advanced Placement Microeconomics and/or Advanced Placement Macroeconomics.
English classes tend to focus on Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition, Film and Lit, Sports and Lit, and/or Contemporary Lit. Popular works include ''Beowulf, The Canterbury Tales, Pygmalion: A Romance in Five Acts, The Handmaids Tale,Frankenstein,Othello, Inferno, Goethe's Faust, Brave New World and works of Romantic and Non Romantic Poets such as Edgar Allan Poe, Emily Dickinson, John Keats, William Wordsworth.
Art classes tend to focus on Advanced Placement Art History, Advanced Placement Studio Art, Advanced Placement Music Theory Applied art in Theatre, Music Theory For Garage Band Musicians, IB Musical Analysis, IB Theatre Arts, Advanced Technical Theatre, Advanced Photography, Advanced Cyramics, Fashion Design and Illustration, Theatre Dance, Jazz Dance, IB Dance Studies Madrigal Singers, Jazz Singers, and/or Wind Ensemble.
Technology classes focus on Advanced Placement Computer Science,Java, Advanced Web Design, C++ Programing.
Business classes focus on College Marketing, College Entrepreneurship, Sports and Entertainment Marketing, College Preparatory Interview Classes, Advanced Fundamentals in Business.
Wellness classes include Physical Education, Health (if not yet taken), Weightlifting, Advanced Training in First Aid.
Nearing the end of the school year, there is a graduation event, more formally referred to as commencement, where the Seniors formally graduate from High School and receive their diplomas.
In many schools, seniors sit for formal senior portraits at the beginning of the school year or the summer prior to senior year. These portraits are used in the upcoming graduating class's yearbook. The senior portraits in the yearbook are either in full color or black and white, but bigger than the smaller black and white pictures typically used for lower grades. Some may even have a caption or a quote from the student.
Customarily there is a formal dance for this year's students, called senior prom. Some schools hold a combined prom for juniors and seniors, while others segregate the two grades into separate dances.
Senior skip day (also known as senior ditch day) is a day during which the seniors do not attend school and cut all their classes. This event/tradition is often not recognized by school administrations and teachers. In some areas it is countered with an officially recognized senior day off, or by allowing graduating seniors to skip their final examinations ("finals"). This official senior day can also be used to sponsor a "senior field trip" where the graduating class would, for example, go to a theme park or some other vacation-type activity.
In some schools, Seniors receive a class ring at the beginning of their senior year. A "senior prank" is another common tradition in which the class may contribute towards a practical joke on the school or administration.
In Latin America—except in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, Ecuador, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Panama—there is no grade 12; secondary education terminates with the 11th grade.
In Chile the 12th grade is called 4to (cuarto) medio, meaning "fourth secondary".
In Guatemala is called "quinto bachillerato".
In Argentina it is called quinto año or tercero polimodal.
In Ecuador it is the final year of high school and it is called Tercero de Bachillerato (formerly, Sexto Curso) because secondary education consists of three years of Educación Basica (basic education) and three years of Bachillerato (baccalaureate). This follows the Escuela Primaria (primary school) which consists of 7 years of basic education, beginning from Primero de Educación Básica (First) until Séptimo (Seventh).
In Brazil, the 12th grade is called terceiro ano and is the third grade of the secondary education.
In Colombia there is no 12th grade so the eleventh grade is called "senior year" and in Spanish it is called "sexto de bachillerato" (bachillerato means "baccalaureate").
In Venezuela it is called "Quinto Año" (5th grade). The last year of high school after six years of "Básica" (basic, elementary school) plus Pre-K and Kindergarten.


Eleventh Grade is the eleventh, and for some countries final, grade of secondary schools. Students are typically 16 or 17 years of age, depending on the country and the students' birthdays.

In Brazil, 11th grade is the second year of secondary education. Students are usually 16/17 years old in this grade.

Eleventh grade graduation requirements

Art Education
Most schools have composition, grammar and physical education classes, but they are optional at present. Some schools also include a class covering world news, in which political news is discussed.
In the Canadian province of Quebec, Grade 11 (sec. 5) is the final year of secondary education, followed by CEGEP. In all other provinces a student continues to Grade 12. In Newfoundland and Labrador, grade 11 was the final year of high school until the introduction of grade 12 by the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Peckford under education minister Lynn Verge.
In Colombia, the eleventh grade is the last year in secondary education. In this year, all students are required to do an internship in any subject field. To differentiate from Universities' internships, the practice is called 'alphabetisation'; most of the time is related to community services, such as teaching in schools, or assisting in hospitals or libraries. Students also do the ICFES National Test and they present to the draft for the Colombian Army. By law, the army cannot recruit under-age students; most of eleventh-graders are aged 16–17, and the draft is almost changed for the payment of a monetary fee. Year 12 or Lower Sixth (VI) is comparable to the 11th grade of other systems. It is the sixth and penultimate year of secondary education. It is not compulsory for somebody who entered secondary school before September 2008 to attend these last two years. Successful completion generally results in the awarding of A-Level qualifications. During Year 12, two Advanced Supplementary units are completed (either written exams, coursework or a mixture, depending on subject). Usually four subjects are taken with some students taking three or five. In France, the equivalent is the Première, which is the penultimate year of secondary education in that country (followed by the Terminale).
The Northern Ireland system is similar to the English one at this age. Lower Sixth Form (Year 13), pupils start on a two-year course, at the end of which they will hopefully have gained three 'A' Levels in their chosen subjects.
In some parts of Mexico, the eleventh grade is the 2nd year (sophomore) of high school.
In Pakistan, grade eleven is the first of two years in college (grade twelve being the last and final year before postgraduate and university education) and is equivalently referred to as "first year." Students in this year level are sixteen to seventeen years old.
In Scotland this Fifth Year (of secondary education) is also optional, but pupils will generally sit Intermediates or Higher - Highers are the entry requirement for university. In Sweden, this is the second year of High School.
Juniors are the third year class of high school. In the United States, many students take the SAT Reasoning Test and/or ACT in the second half of their 11th-grade or junior year. Typically during this year, students interested in attending higher education facilities tend to search at around the second part of that year.
In the US, a student at this grade is typically referred to as a junior.
Mathematics students usually take Geometry, but classes like trigonometry or pre-calculus are sometimes offered for students who wish to take Advanced Placement math classes in their senior year. Depending on the location there may be a combination of any of the listed subjects. They may also take easier courses such as Algebra I and geometry if they do not have the required prerequisites for the more advanced courses that are listed above. Students who are advanced in mathematics often take calculus or statistics.
In science classes, juniors are taught usually Chemistry or Biology, especially Lab Chemistry. Atoms, molecules, and the statiochemistry is taught as well.
In English class, a college-preparatory curriculum would also include American literature. Often, English literature (also referred to as British literature) is taught in the junior year of high school. Books and authors learned include The Glass Menagerie, The Scarlet Letter, The Crucible, The Great Gabsy, Jonathan Edwards, Amy Tan, Lorraine Hansberry.
In a social studies curriculum, eleventh-graders in the United States are usually taught US history or the world from the 1870s to the 21st Century. They may also acquire more advanced world culture and geography knowledge, along with some more-advanced social studies such as psychology and government.
Many eleventh-graders in the United States opt to take a foreign language, even though it is not required in many secondary curricula.
While normally followed by twelfth grade, some colleges will accept excelling students out of this grade as part of an early college entrance program. Alternatively, some students may choose to graduate early through standardized testing or advanced credits.
In Tunisia, the Grade 11 is equal to the Second Year of Secondary Education.
Pupils follow their lessons and courses in a secondary school in which they stay from the age of 15 to the age of 19 (4 School Years).
Before entering to a secondary school, pupils can stay for the Basic Education's End Tunisian National examination.
Laureates of this exam of every governorate access to a regional Pilot Secondary School, formely known as [Lycée Pilote].


Tenth grade is the tenth year of school post-kindergarten (or pre-school) study in schools in the United States of America. Students are usually 14 to 16 years of age. The equivalent of "10th grade" in various nations is described below.

Tenth grade, for most Australian states is in the middle of a student's high school education. However, in the Northern Territory, it is the first year of senior school, after high school. For more information on Australia's education system, see: Education in Australia.

It is the first year of High School ("Lycée")

After the completion of class 10, the student is required to sit for national board exams or state board exams, wherein question papers are prepared and answer sheets are checked by a central institution to which the school is affiliated. The percentage scored in Class X decides what a student can opt for in Class XI (Science/ Commerce/ Arts). The Grade gains even more importance as in many parts of India the number of seats for Class XI is generally lower than the number of students who pass out Standard X.
Upon completion of class 12, students are then required to sit for the entrance examinations for their chosen course of study and university (see Twelfth Grade, India) or to the universities through the AIIMS, IIT-JEE, AIEEE, etc.
In a controversial move, the Union Government abolished the Std X examinations from 2011 onwards. The CBSE board also introduced a new system of evaluation called CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation). In Ireland, it is the 4th year of Secondary School, also known as Transition Year. It can also be 5th year in schools without a Transition Year.
In Israel, the tenth grade is the first year of the high school, which lasts three years (high school is called Tichon), except in some cities (such as Ramat Gan and Giv'atayim), where elementary school ends at 8th Grade and High School starts at 9th Grade.
In Italy, the tenth grade is the second year of the high school (which is called Scuola media superiore or Scuola secondaria di secondo grado). High school in Italy lasts five years.
In Mexico, the tenth grade is the beginning of the high school, which lasts only three years. Similar to Israel's education system. Tenth graders are normally aged 15–16.
Grade ten is the final year of high school in Pakistan; it is an important year level as it here that matriculation examinations occur after which students can qualify for grades eleven and twelve in college. Successful completion of college allows eligibility for entrance into universities and higher education.
In Spain, the tenth grade is the fourth year of ESO (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria - Obligatory Secondary Education), which has been in force since the promulgation of LOGSE in the middle of 1990s. Fourth ESO is also the last year of Obligatory Education.
In Sweden, the tenth to twelfth grades are taken at a certain type of school called 'Gymnasiet'. After ninth grade, Swedish children end their compulsory schooling, and therefore these schools are significantly divided in terms of abilities and career aims.
Choose a school that is specialized for the job you wish to take. At these schools only classes relevant to the classification of the school are taught, along with language and math skills. Some schools are very hard to get accepted into, but it depends on which classification you are seeking.
The schools can have very specific aims. There are widely oriented schools such as General Arts, but also very specific schools, such as Equestrian.
If you fail your exams at the end of ninth grade, or pass with low results, you can choose (or are recommended) to enter a school that aims only to get your skills to a proficient level for everyday life. Students that pass with average marks, or that perhaps do not yet have any specific career aspirations, can choose to move into a general school. The subjects taught here, and the everyday systems, are very similar to the systems from seventh grade to ninth grade. As these students advance, or show excellence in a particular area, they may be offered to apply for entry into a specialized school.
For education in England and Wales, this is known as Year 11, which is the final year of compulsory education in the United Kingdom. For education in Northern Ireland, this is called Year 12. A general education certificate will be awarded if the pupils sit the end of year examinations, called GCSEs. In Year 11, students take their GCSEs in approximately 10 subjects. With grades ranging from A* (90%) to U (ungraded), these exams are vital for getting employment or university places. GCSEsPupils may then go on to sit 'A' Levels
In Scotland, tenth grade is called S4 (secondary school, 4th year). At the end of S4, students normally sit examinations in 8 Standard Grade subjects,which have been taken over 2 years. Standard grade examinations come in three levels of difficulty: Credit, General and Foundation and are sat during May. Those Scottish students who return to school will usually take Highers in S5 and then more highers, or Advanced highers (the equivalent of first year university courses) in S6. Grades are A, B and C with an A being divided into Band 1 and Band 2.
The tenth grade is the tenth school year after kindergarten (or pre-school) and is called Grade 10, in some regions, for education in the United States and education in Canada. Grade 10 is a part of secondary school, and in most parts of the USA, it is the second year of high school, with 9th then 10th 11th and 12th grade. People who do not complete the grade, for the required coursework, have been re-entered into 10th grade during the next school year, although summer school is often taken to complete the prior courses. Usually, this is when children would leave compulsory education.
The term high school is often used to mean senior high school and distinguished from junior high school. Starting in ninth grade and ending in twelfth grade, grades are used in determining a students GPA (in the U.S.), and become part of a student's official transcript. Therefore, students obtain much more control of their education and often may even choose their core classes.
In the U.S. curriculum for mathematics, tenth graders are usually taught Algebra II or Geometry. Occasionally, Trigonometry, Precalculus, or higher classes, are offered for students who wish to take Advanced Placement math classes in later years of high school. In the U.S. curriculum for literature, students have already begun to familiarize themselves with notable authors such as Shakespeare, while some Advanced Placement programs emphasize the work of author J.D. Salinger, for example, and his Catcher in the Rye, putting a major emphasis on literary terms and getting to know themes such as alienation.
In the U.S. curriculum for social studies, tenth grade students are taught recent World History. In some districts, Advanced Placement coursework, such as geography, European history, or World Studies, is first made available to students in this grade.
This grade is normally followed by eleventh grade, although some U.S. colleges will accept excelling students out of this grade as part of an early college entrance program. Alternatively, some students may choose to graduate early through standardized testing or advanced credits.
The word sophomore is ultimately from the Greek word "sophia", meaning wisdom or knowledge. It is listed as a North American English term by the Oxford English Dictionary and it means little to the majority of English speakers outside the U.S.A.


Eighth (or 8th) grade (capitalized and called Grade 8 in Canada) is a year of education in the United States, Canada, Australia and other nations. Students are usually 13 - 14 years old. The eighth grade is typically the final grade before high school, and the ninth grade of public and private education, following kindergarten and subsequent grades. Eighth grade is usually the third of three grades or the second of two grades of middle school, or the second of three grades or first of two grades in junior high school, although some systems mark it as the final year of elementary school and some as the second year of high school (in Quebec or Australia for example).

In Nigeria Grade 8 is the last year of Junior high, as there are no Middle Schools in the Nigerian education system, it is also the first year after Primary School. Pupils (called learners by the Department of Education) are between the ages of 13 and 14. In Belize, Std. 6 is the last year in elementary school.
In Brazil the minimum age required for eighth grade was recently changed from 12 to 13 years old.
In Chile, eighth grade is equivalent to 8° Básico the last year of Enseñanza básica who are aged 13–14.
In Mexico, eighth grade is equivalent to the second year of middle school who are aged 13–14.
The eighth grade mathematics curriculum in Canada and the United States includes either Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, or Geometry. Occasionally Algebra II is also taught in very advanced schools. In some schools, especially the ones that are witnessing the required Basic Standards Test, basic everyday "real world" mathematical skills such as check writing, money management, and geometry are taught as well.
In cultural and language curriculum, many students may opt to take a foreign language course, either for a semester or the full school year.
In the United States, U.S. history is the primary focus in eighth grade social studies.
In some parts of Canada (such as Newfoundland) and the United States, 8th grade is the first year of high school.
In Quebec, eighth Grade is equivalent to Secondary II (French: 2e Secondaire ("deuxieme")) or Secondary Cycle 1, Year 2.
In the U.S, Eight Grade is the last year of Middle School, The average age for kids who are in the eight grade in the U.S. is 14, And most kids are between the age of 13-15.
In India and Pakistan, grade eight is one of the formative years in middle school. Students in grade eight fall into the age group of thirteen to fourteen years old.
In Germany, eighth grade is called 8. Klasse.
In Ireland, the equivalent is 2nd year of secondary school.
In Italy, eighth grade is equivalent to what is referred colloquially as terza media or terzo anno delle scuole medie (officially Scuola secondaria di primo grado), and is the final year of Middle School.
In Latvia, eighth grade is called 8.Klase and is the last year of elementary school, with children aged 14–15.
Intermediate/Middle/Junior High School is again entered in "de eerste klas" (1e klas). Eighth grade there is called de tweede klas (for 13–14 years olds) which literally means "the second class/year (in middle school)"".
In the United Kingdom:
Grade 8 is not equivalent to Year 8 (Form 2) in the English and Welsh school systems, which is for students 12–13 years old and is the second year of secondary school. Eighth grade is actually equivalent to Year 9 (Form 3). These children are aged 13 - 14.
In Northern Ireland, 13-14 year olds are in year 10 or 3rd year (secondary school).


Ninth grade is the ninth post-kindergarten year of school education in some school systems. The students are 14 to 15 years of age, depending on when their birthday occurs. Depending on the school district, ninth grade is usually the first year of high school.

In Australian state, high school starts in Eighth Grade for Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland. High Schools in Victoria, Tasmania, Northern Territory, New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory start high school at Seventh Grade. In mathematics, the classes focus on geometry, substitutions and formulas, measurements and equations. Though some states differ.

In Canada, Grade Nine can be either the first or second year of high school, or the last year or second to last year of middle school (often called Middle School in Canada), depending on the region. Grade nines in Canada are 13 to 15, depending on the time in the school year.

Graduating requirements in Ontario:

• 1 French
• 1 Physical Education & Health
• 1 Canadian Geography
• 1 Canadian History
• 1 The Arts (Optional between drama, art, or music)
• 0.5 Civics
• 0.5 Careers
• 2 Science
• 3 Math
• 4 English
• 1 additional credit (group 1): additional credit in English, or French as a second language,** or a Native language, or a classical or an international language, or social sciences and the humanities, or *Canadian and world studies, or guidance and career education, or cooperative education***
• 1 additional credit (group 2): additional credit in health and physical education, or the arts, or business studies, or French as a second language,** or cooperative education***
• 1 additional credit (group 3): additional credit in science (Grade 11 or 12), or technological education, or French as a second language,** or computer studies, or cooperative education***
• Plus 12 optional credits
• Plus a successful pass on the provincial literacy requirement

• A maximum of 3 credits in English as a second language (ESL) or English literacy development (ELD) may be counted towards the 4 compulsory credits in English, but the fourth must be a credit earned for a Grade 12 compulsory English course.
o In groups 1, 2, and 3, a maximum of 2 credits in French as a second language can count as compulsory credits, one from group 1 and one from either group 2 or group 3.

A maximum of 2 credits in cooperative education can count as compulsory credits.
†The 12 optional credits may include up to 4 credits earned through approved dual credit courses.

In Denmark, ninth grade is around the same thing as in Sweden. Afterwards you can choose to go through tenth grade but it is not required. The students are 15–16 years old.
In Finland, ninth grade is the last year of compulsory schooling. The students are usually 15 – 16 years old. The meaning of tenth grade is to give an opportunity to improve your grades.

In Sweden, ninth grade is the last year of compulsory comprehensive school (elementary school). The students are usually between 14 and 16 years old. This grade is where students get their final grades with which they apply to the next step in the Swedish school-system. That makes ninth grade an important grade for most students.
In British schools, 9th grade (in terms of age requirements) is equivalent to year 10 (called Year 11 in Northern Ireland), the fourth year of Comprehensive School/High/Grammar School. However, students in the UK start comprehensive school, High School or Grammar School (the school in which they attend is based upon their academic ability) at the age of 11, and finish at either 15 or 16 years old, depending on when in the academic year their birthday falls (1 September – 31 August) when they sit GCSE exams. Non-compulsory education continues where students can choose to remain at school or attend a sixth form college to take AS levels and A levels before applying to universities. In the United States, ninth grade is usually the first year in high school (called "upper secondary school" in other countries). In the mathematics curriculum, ninth graders are usually taught Pre-Algebra or Algebra I. Advanced courses (such as Geometry in the US) are usually available to ninth graders who are prepared for a more rigorous curriculum, depending on the school district. In some cases, the upcoming ninth graders will take Algebra II. Some districts across the country allow their 9th graders to take Trigonometry or AP Statistics, or even Calculus if the district provides.
In the English curriculum, ninth graders are taught the basic fundamentals of Literature and touches the fundamentals of speech and debate. They may also read Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare as it correlates with current teenage life and issues.
In the social studies curriculum, ninth graders are typically taught geography, government, and history. In most areas, students are open to taking more advanced history courses like world history or U.S. history with the consent of the pupil's previous social studies teacher.
In the science curriculum, ninth grade students are required, in most areas, to take earth science. Physical science may be taught as well in some schools. It is often a pre-requisite for most other lab sciences available at the high school level, and is often a requirement for graduation. In some cases, the upcoming ninth grader may choose to take the tenth grade course. Biology and chemistry can also be taken in 9th grade, depending on the district.


Seventh grade (called Grade seven or year 8 in some regions) is a year of education in the United States and many other nations. The seventh grade is the seventh school year after kindergarten. Students are usually 12–13 years old. Traditionally, seventh grade was the next-to-last year of elementary school. In the United States and Canada, it is usually the second year of middle school, the first year of junior high school or the 7th year of elementary school. In Quebec, it is usually the last year of elementary school, or the first year of high school.

In the United States, it is important in mathematics, students focus commonly on an introduction to pre-algebra or the beginnings of algebra, including ratio, proportion, percent. New topics sometimes include scientific notation, concepts with negative numbers, and more advanced geometry. In some parts of the United States, such as Texas, Colorado, California and Utah, math may be mixed-grade according to the student's previous knowledge, so some students may already be in a 9th grade algebra course. In social studies, advanced pre-Civil War History is taught. Though American history is usually the norm, other cultures may be taught. In science, it is usually moderate-level biology. Foreign language is often introduced at this level. The students can typically choose from several languages depending on school ability.
In some states of Australia, including Victoria, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, and Tasmania, Year 7 is the first year of high school, but it is actually the eighth year of schooling (Prep, 1 through 6 then Year 7). In Australia year 7s are aged 12–13 years old.
In Ireland, the equivalent is First year, the first year of secondary school. Students are usually 12-13 years old.
Its English and Welsh equivalent is Year 8, the second year of secondary education. The Scottish equivalent is Secondary 1 or S1 - the first year of Secondary education.
In Brazil now, the time for elementary school were recently raised from 8 to 9 years, and the minimum age required to the seventh grade was changed from 11 to 12 years old.
In the Philippines, the age to be a Grade Six student/ sixth grader is between 12- 15 years old. In some places, 7th graders are aged from 10 - 11 years old because of their status of being accelerant.
In Israel the seventh grade is the first year of middle school and is considered to be the toughest year of the middle school.
In South Africa, Grade 7 is the final year of primary school, it is also the final year before High School as there is no such thing as Middle School in South Africa. Pupils (called Learners by the Department of Education) are usually between the ages of 12 and 13.
In Sweden and Finland this is the seventh year of compulsory school and the first year of "junior high".
In New Zealand, the equivalent is Year 8, the second and last year of intermediate school, or the last year of a combined primary-intermediate school.
In Pakistan, grade seven is called Class Seven and forms middle school.


Fifth grade (called Grade 5 in some regions) is a year of education in the United States and many other nations. The fifth grade is the fifth school year after kindergarten. Students are usually 10 – 11 years old. Depending on the school district in certain parts of the United States, it is the last year of elementary school or in some parts of the United States, fifth grade is the first year of middle school.

Throughout Brazil, the ages for elementary school were recently raised from 8 to 9 years, and the minimum age required for the fifth grade was changed from 9 to 10 years old. In England and Wales it is called "Year 6" and the pupils are usually 10 to 11 years old.
In England and Wales, this is the last year of Primary education before students go on to Secondary School. Often it is the eighth year of school; the years being called "Nursery", "Reception", "Year 1", "Year 2", "Year 3", "Year 4", "Year 5" and "Year 6". Sometimes Nursery children (3 - 4 years old) will only attend school for half a-day.
In Northern Ireland and Scotland Primary education ends in Primary 7, the same time as England's Year 6.
In New Zealand, this level of class is called Standard 4 or Year 6. Children generally start this level between the ages of nine and ten. However in NZ most primary schools continue to teach Forms 1 and 2 or Years 7 and 8, with children continuing straight to High school at Form 3 or Year 9. Intermediate schools, teaching forms 1 through 4 or Years 7 through 10 are the exception rather than the rule. Especially in Rural areas where Area Schools can be found teaching all classes from New Entrants to Form 7 or Year 1 to year 13.
In Barbados at 10 to 11 years , students will take a placement examination to determine which secondary school they would attend. Forms 1-3 are called lower secondary school, with ages ranging from 11 to 14 years old. The students do basic subjects.


Fourth grade (called Grade 4 in some regions) is a year of education in the United States and many other nations. The fourth grade is the fourth school year after kindergarten. Students are usually 9 or 10 years old, depending on their birthday. It is a part of elementary school. In some parts of the United States, fourth grade is the last year of Elementary School. Primary school is a school providing instruction for very young pupils, comprising the first three, four, or five grades of elementary school.

In Ontarian and English-based Nova Scotian schools, the study of the French Language begins. Fourth grade is equivalent of 'Year 5' in England and Wales, Primary 6 in Northern Ireland and Primary 5 in Scotland - the fifth year of compulsory education in England, Wales and Scotland, and the sixth in Northern Ireland. In Brazil the minimum age required for fourth grade was recently changed from 8 to 9 years old. In France, the equivalent to the above grade is the Level 1 Intermediate Course, known by its short form CM1. In the United States, in mathematics, fourth graders are usually taught how to add and subtract common fractions and decimals. Long division is also generally introduced here, and addition, subtraction, and multiplication of whole numbers is extended to larger numbers.


In the United States, second grade (called grade 2 in metric system countries) is a year of primary education. Second grade is the second school year after kindergarten. Students are traditionally 7–8 years old, depending on when their birthday occurs.
In mathematics, students are taught place value to hundreds or thousands, and renaming with addition and subtraction. Measurement is extended to the meter, foot, yard, kilogram, pound, and pint. Measurement of time and temperature in Fahrenheit and Celsius is also emphasized as well. Usually multiplication and division is introduced towards the end of the school year but not emphasized. Positive and negative numbers are introduced, but not added and subtracted. These values are generally introduced in temperature. Addition and subtraction facts are practiced throughout the year. Students also learn about plane and solid shapes in geometry and explore how they are apparent in our everyday lives. Some second grade topics in math can be explored at the following website.

In reading, students read to perform a task using fictional and non-fictional texts, and learn about story elements, text features, and character traits. In many counties and districts, schools have reading benchmarks that students need to meet by the end of each quarter and/or school year. Decoding strategies usually end in second grade and reading more for comprehension.
Students in second grade also learn the basics of grammar in writing, including subject, verbs, and adjectives. They also write to inform, to express personal ideas, and to persuade. Cursive writing is also focused in third grade.
Second grade science usually involvement of the basic earth and space sciences. Students are introduced to the planets and the weather system. Dinosaurs are also covered as well. Health science such as the human body is taught as well.
In social studies, a general understanding of the government and current events are discussed. Students are expected to know who the president and vice president, and some basic presidents such as Abraham Lincolm and George Washington. The concept of the law is taught in second grade. Second grade students may also get a basic understanding of history, and what life was like in times before they were born. Field trips to historical and science museums are common. Some basic sociological institutions are taught such as race and gender, and the exploration of different cultural groups such as Black, Latin, and Asian.
Although the U.S. does not formally have national grade standards, there are groups selected by the Department of Education to develop standards which are generally used by each State to set their own standards. For mathematics, it is the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. There is an English guide to the second grade maths standards and expectations.
It is traditionally the year that is dedicated to preparing for the child's "First Holy Communion", however, as Ireland becomes incresingly multicultural, more and more schools are opting to prepare for the sacrement outside of school hours - at weekends or after school.


First grade (called Grade 1 in some nations) is a year of primary education in schools in the United States and English-speaking provinces of Canada. Pupils are usually 6 to 7 years old in this grade level; they are sometimes called "first graders".
In mathematics students may learn about addition and subtraction of natural numbers, and about measurement. Basic geometry and graphing may be introduced. Clock and calendar time and money may also be in the curriculum.

In language first graders are taught the fundamentals of literacy, including reading sentences, writing very simple statements and mastery of the alphabet, building on what the students have learned in kindergarten or other forms of pre-school (although because first grade is the first compulsory level of education in many U.S. states, the level of literacy in incoming students can vary widely). The expectations for first grade have changed. Curriculum is typically based on state standards developed by educators in each of the 50 United States. First graders are now expected to read and comprehend stories ranging in lengths and difficulty.
In the USA, students are also typically introduced to the concept of social studies with an emphasis on establishing ideas of history or civics in either a personal or in a larger sense. Some states focus on the basics of USA's history and patriotism is taught, with a focus on the founding fathers and the time period surrounding the American Revolution; other states require a social studies focus on family relationships in first grade, leaving community, state, and nation studies to higher grades. Basic geography is also taught in the 1st grade. Focus on the persons municipal area and culture, along with basic state geography may also be focused in 1st grade, depending on the state. First grade science usually involves the discussion of matter, plant and animal science, earth materials, and balance and motion.
Science as inquiry is taught and practiced in first grade. Students are encouraged to observe the world around them and begin asking questions about things they notice.
In England the first year of school is called Reception, and the pupils are 4 to 5 years old. As most primary or infant schools have a reception which acts like the compulsory school years i.e. they wear uniform and have the same school hours, most children start school in reception. This year is the equivelent of Year Two Scottish and Welsh pupils usually enter the corresponding stage one year younger. In Northern Ireland they are two years younger.


Sixth grade (called Grade 6 in some regions) is a year of education in the United States and some other nations. The sixth grade is the sixth school year after kindergarten. Students are usually 11 – 12 years old. Traditionally, sixth grade is the final year of elementary school, but in more recent decades, sixth grade has become established as the first year of middle school.
In the United States and Canada, sixth grade is usually the first year of middle school, or the last year of elementary school, as stated above. Students usually have different teachers for each subject.

In mathematics, students learn about Fractions and decimals. Exponents are also generally introduced, and students learn about the properties of circles and polygons, and the measurement of angles in degrees. Pre-Algebra and Algebra I are taught in some schools, as honors courses.
In science, students usually learn about life science, physical science, earth science. Students are introduced to scientific methodology, taxonomy, and ecology.
In English, students usually learn about grammar and the different types of writing (e.g. poetry, narrative, book report, research report).
In Malta, 6th grade is equivalent to Form 1 age of 11-12. This is the first year where students have different teachers for each subject but most schools have the same classroom for most of the subjects(such as Mathematics, English, Italian, French, science, Maltese etc.). This is the first year of secondary school.
In Ireland, the equivalent is 6th Class which is the eighth and final year of Primary School.
In Canada, they start sexual education. Learning about puberty helping them later in life. Also lightly learning about drugs, bullying/ cyber-bullying. In some parts of Ontario students are in a program specifacally for drugs and types of bullying. Grade 6 students in Ontario do a provincial test EQAO. For students in French immersion their whole test is written in English. Where in Third grade their math portion was in French. In many school children are either beginning middle school or their last year of elementary school.
In Singapore, the equivalent is Primary 5 or Primary 6, as the Singapore academic year starts in January, unlike in Europe, Canada, and The USA where it starts in September.
Average students start learning Algebra, Statistics/Data Analysis. For English, students learn English grammar. For Science classes, students learn about Biology, Chemistry and Physics as diverging branches of Science.
Advanced students in "special classes", known as SAP,or start learning Trigonometry and Advanced Algebra. For English, students start learning to write short stories and exploration of Shakespeare. For Science classes, students learn about agricultural contamination, industrial pollution and the origin of species (evolution).
Gifted Education Programme (GEP) students start learning the History of Mathematics, and Applications of Complex Algebra and Trigonometry in industrial circumstances. For English, GEP students start to learn writing their own novels, poetry and documentaries. For Science classes, students are encouraged to develop their own software applications such as iPhone apps. GEP students also learn about the origin of the Empiricism in Science with the advent of European Enlightenment.
Its English and Welsh equivalent is Year 7, the first year of secondary school. The Scottish equivalent is Primary 7, which is the last year of primary school.
In Brazil, the age of the first year in elementary school was recently raised from 8 to 9 years. As such the minimum age required to enter the 6th grade was changed from 10 to 11 years old.
In Pakistan, Bangladesh and India, Sixth grade is called Class 6.
In Australia, Sixth grade is the last or second last year of Primary School, however in Australia it is more commonly called "Year 6".
In Finland, equivalent is grade 6 (ages 11–12).


Year Three is an educational year group in schools in many countries including England, Wales, Australia and New Zealand.
In the United States, third grade (called grade 3 in some regions) is a year of primary education. Students are usually 8 – 9 years old, depending on when their birthday occurs.

In mathematics, students are usually introduced to multiplication and division facts, place value to thousands or ten thousands, and estimation. Depending on the school, students may even begin to work on long division. Decimals (to tenths only) are sometimes introduced. Students begin to work on problem-solving skills working to explain their thinking in mathematical terms.
In science, third graders are taught basic physical sciences and chemistry. Weather and climate are also taught. The concept of atoms and molecules are common, the states of matter, and energy, along with basic elements such as oxygen, hydrogen, gold, zinc, and iron. Nutrition is also taught in third grade along with chemistry.
Social studies begin a study of the culture of the United States and basic idea of the early part of the United States from the time of Native Americans to the Civil War. Outward expansion and the gold rush is covered.
In reading, third grade students begin working more on text comprehension than decoding strategies. Students also begin reading harder chapter books. They read and distinguish between a variety of genres: realistic fiction, non-fiction, poetry, fantasy, historical fiction, science fiction and folktales.
Grade 3 students learn how to work on projects on their own and with others. Social skills, empathy and leadership are considered by some educators to be as important to develop as the hard skills of reading, writing and arithmetic.
In England, the year of school that is the same age as 3rd Grade is Year 4, which is the fourth year of compulsory education. In Brazil, elementary school age was recently raised from 8 to 9 years, and the minimum age required for third grade was changed from 7 to 8 years old.


Grades are standardized measurements of varying levels of comprehension within a subject area. Grades can be assigned in letters (for example, A, B, C, D, or F), as a range (for example 4.0–1.0), as descriptors (excellent, great, satisfactory, needs improvement), in percentages, or, as is common in some post-secondary institutions in some countries, as a Grade Point Average (GPA). The GPA can be used by potential employers or further post-secondary institutions to assess and compare applicants. A Cumulative Grade Point Average is a calculation of the average of all of a student's grades for all semesters and courses completed up to a given academic term, whereas the GPA may only refer to one term.

Keith Hoskin argues that the concept of grading students' work quantitatively was developed by a tutor named William Farish and first implemented by the University of Cambridge in 1792. Stray's article elucidates the complex relationship between the mode of examination (testing), in this case oral or written, and the varying philosophies of education these modes imply, both to teacher and student. As a technology, grading both shapes and reflects many fundamental areas of educational theory and practice.

In Indonesia, a grade point average ranging from 1 to 10 is used (Before KBK-Competency Based Curriculum was used):
• 10: Exceptional (highest grade; rarely given)
• 9-6: Passing (passing grades in all subjects)
• 5: Highest failing grade for certain subjects (such as Religious Education, Mother Tongue/Indonesian Language, and Moral Education)
• 4: Passing grade in some subjects, a failing grade in others
• 3: Highest failing grade in general
• 2: Failing grade
• 1: Failing grade (lowest possible grade)
After minister of education approved the use of Competency Based Curriculum in Indonesia, the grade point was made ranging from 0 to 100. However, the passing score differ between one subject and another.
• 100: Highest point (rarely given)
• 99-70: Passing score in all subjects (above average)
• 69-55: Pass or not differ from each subjects. Some subjects use a point between this range as a passing score. For example, in a subject student must get more than 69 to pass, while some subjects require students to have at least 56 (more than 55) to pass.
• <54: Student are considered failed and must re-exam with the highest score are the passing mark and not greater than that.
A student is to repeat a year if he or she earns a failing grade in any core subject (Mathematics, Indonesian Language, Religious Education, and some other subjects assigned by the student's major) or if the student fails in more than two non-core subjects.
Grading system for the university is, however, different. Grades are usually assigned in letters, following four-point system. Generally, Indonesian universities equate A with numerical value of 4.0 and E with 0.0. Some universities also employs intermediate grades such as A- and B+. This following list describes the common practice:
• A : 4
• A- : 3.67
• B+ : 3.33
• B : 3
• B- : 2.67
• C+ : 2.33
• C : 2
• C- : 1.67
• D+ : 1.33
The passing grade is usually C or 2 points. However, it should be noted that universities are basically free to (and hence, might) adopt different grading system. Such example is the Tenth of November Institute of Technology and Bandung Institute of Technology which, until recently, doesn't have any intermediate grades. Since 2009, it began to use half-grades AB (3.50), BC (2.50) and CD (1.5).

In India, grades are generally given in percentages to encourage perfection and good presentation, despite the extra pressure on the students. Schools also often give rankings in primary grade levels. In higher classes percentage differences up to two decimals are taken into consideration for ranking. The board exams given to students all over India in class 10 and 12 also affect the marks obtained in each subject in the report card. A percentage or GPA system is available to all institutes for post-secondary education, but is not universally used.
In secondary education schooling goes up to class 12, grades of 75.00% or higher indicate a high level of preparation and achievement for a student. For many undergraduate and graduate courses the threshold for high achievement rests at 60.00%. The Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) declares its results for each class based on Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) since 2010.
In 2009 a new method of evaluation known as the CCE scheme was introduced by the CBSE . According to CCE scheme which means 'continuous and comprehensive evaluation' of the central board of secondary education in India, students of 10th class will now not give the board exams and there will be grading system from A to E(A-1,A-2,B-1,B-2....). this system is also applicable for 9th standard. there is a difference of 9% between the grades—A-1 grade means the students has scored between 91% to 100%, A-2 means student has scored 81% to 90% and so on till E2 grade. CGPA is also given.The CGPA is the average of Grade Points obtained in all the subjects excluding additional 6th subject as per Scheme of Studies.
Higher Educational Institutions like Universities and Colleges have different levels of grading system depending on courses and type and nature of the courses undertaken.
In Iran schools, grades are based on 20. This system of grading based on 20 is also common in universities, but sometimes percent scoring is also used in higher educational systems.
However there's a variety of grading systems used. Some schools that offer the IB (International Baccalaureate) or even Lebanese Bac use the 0–100 scale, 60 being the average score. Some use the American system. However in the typical school offering a Lebanese system, getting high grades is very hard, because teachers do not use the full scale. For instance the highest score one can earn in essay writing in some schools is 14 out of 20. This weight is determined by the credit hours. For instance math (6hours/week) x 20 (the base grade) = 120 (weight) Example: Student's grades: (math 13.33/20, English 13.4/20, biology 16.2/20)
English: 5 credits x 13.4 = 67 out of possible 100
Math: 6 credits x 13.33 = 79.98 out of possible 120
Total points earned = 163.48 out of possible 260
Overall Average= 12.575 out of 20 (Considered a good average)

However in most universities the American grading system is used. Others use the 0–100 scale where the passing grade is 60 or 70 depending on the course. Yet French system universities use the 0–20 grading scale. Yet, a 40/100 in the American system is a 0/20 in the French system with respect to the following formula: (grade x 3) + 40 = (10 x 3)+40 = 70/100 is the 50/100 as the passing grade in the French system. Example: a 5/20 in the French system is equal to (5 x 3) + 40 = 55/100 in the American System. (Ref:ZE-2010)